Chiropractic is a health care profession that is focussed on neuromusculoskeletal health, that is, the joints and muscles, and the nervous system that controls them. Chiropractors have a specilaized approach to the examination, diagnosis and treatment of pain in these areas, with focus on back and neck pain and their related problems, based on best available research and clinical evidence with particular emphasis on the relationship between the spine and the nervous system.
Effectiveness, often allowing patients avoid drugs and/or surgery, and their potential side effects, and patient satisfaction, are two of the main factors that have prompted this health care profession to flourish and spread around the world, to become the world's third largest professional-degree health care discipline.
Chiropractors provide manual treatments, that is to say, by using their hands, utilizing procedures such as chiropractic adjustments, manipulation, soft-tissue therapy and also take a holistic approach, emphasizing the body's self-healing ability, the mind-body relationship in health, and the patient's responsibility for their health through changes in lifestyle habits.
Chiropractors undergo a lengthy and rigourous course of training which is equivalent in duration and analogous in scope to basic medical or dental programmes, but with an emphasis on the musculoskeletal system and biomechanics - the application of physics principles to human movement. These courses are internationally accreditted, and the chiropractic degree is recognized by registration bodies in many countries in all world regions.
Chiropractic care is suitable for all age groups. Safety and effectiveness has been demonstrated in patients from infants to the elderly.